Am J Cardiovasc Dis 2011;1(1):60-67

Original Article
Acute exercise with whole-body vibration decreases wave reflection and
leg arterial stiffness

Arturo Figueroa, Florence Vicil, Marcos A. Sanchez-Gonzalez

Department of Nutrition, Food and Exercise Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA

Received April 20, 2011; accepted May 10, 2011; Epub May 12, 2011; published June 1, 2011

Abstract: Aim: Whole-body vibration exercise (WBV) acutely decreases brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), an
index of systemic arterial stiffness. However, the effect of WBV on segmental PWV and aortic hemodynamics is unknown.
We examined acute effects of WBV on arterial function. Methods: Fifteen young men performed ten 1-min sets of static
squat with WBV (40 Hz, 1 mm, and 5.37 G) and without WBV (no-WBV). Brachial and aortic blood pressure (BP), heart rate
(HR), augmentation index (AIx), baPWV, carotid-femoral PWV (cfPWV), and femoral-ankle (faPWV), were recorded before
and 5, 15, and 30 min after both trials. Results: Brachial and aortic SBP (P < 0.01), and HR (P < 0.01) were increased only
at 5 min after both exercise trials. AIx was elevated through the recovery after no-WBV while decreased at 15 and 30 min
after WBV exercise. FaPWV was decreased (P < 0.01) at 5 min after both trials, but returned to baseline at 15 min after
no-WBV exercise and was maintained decreased at 15 and 30 min after WBV exercise. There were no significant changes
in brachial and aortic diastolic BP, cfPWV and baPWV after both trials. Conclusions: Our findings indicate that regardless of
WBV, static squat causes a small transient increase in hemodynamic responses during early recovery. WBV counteracts
the increase in AIx induced by static squat and reduces wave reflection magnitude through a local effect on arterial
stiffness. (AJCD1104004).

Keywords: Aortic hemodynamics, pulse wave velocity, wave reflection, static exercise

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Address all correspondence to:
Arturo Figueroa, MD, PhD
Department of Nutrition, Food, and Exercise Sciences
College of Human Sciences
120 Convocation Way, Tallahassee, FL 32306-1493, USA
Tel: 850-644-8089
Fax: 850-645-5000
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